A Study of Higher Education's Influence on Princely State Society | Review Article
The norms of behaviour amongst individuals in the kingdom's society were set well before the 18th century. Contemporaries who witnessed the nine-day celebrations (called Mahanavami) attest to the widespread application of the Hindu caste system and the performance of animal sacrifices. The conflict between indigenous and imperial forces ultimately led to profound shifts in society. Although fighting between Hindu kingdoms and Sultanates persisted, conflicts between indigenous rulers (including Muslims) and the newly arrived British were the most prominent. The influence of the English language, the advent of the printing press, and the critique of the established social order by Christian missionaries all contributed to a more tolerant and adaptable culture. Mysore was affected by the same modernization and nationalism that swept the rest of India.476 When the British Empire expanded the importance of learning English, in addition to the native languages, rose to the forefront. The governor of the Mumbai Presidency, Lord Elphinstone, was responsible for these alterations. In 1841, his blueprint formalised the University Board's foundational principles. As a result, the institution set up a branch specifically for high school students. Schools were established in major cities to provide education to outlying areas these schools were later upgraded to college standing, with each college serving as a hub for several neighbourhood institutions of learning known as zilla schools. The first schools teaching in English debuted in the city of Mysore in 1833 and quickly spread throughout the surrounding area. There were around 2,087 English-medium schools in the state of Mysore by 1881, after the establishment of the department of education in 1858. Bangalore Central College opened in 1870 the Maharaja's College in 1879 the Maharani's College in 1901 the Mysore University in 1916 and St. Agnes College in Mangalore in 1921 all of these institutions provided access to higher education.