Oil and Gas Companies Have Lost Many of Their Employees to Their Competitors. a Shortage of Labor Skills Has Emerged In the Oil and Gas Industry. As a Consequence of This Shortage Retaining Top Performance Employees Is Becoming a Major Concern For Many Oil and Gas Companies. Retention Cannot Be Achieved Without Motivation. This Study of What Motivates Employees In the Oil and Gas Industry. a Premium Indian Based Oil Company As a Case Study Is Investigated. Results Show the Implications For Advanced Skill Development. This Study Concludes That Although Money Is Important In a Competitive Market Environment; However Non-Monetary Factors Also Play a Major Role In Motivating Oil and Gas Employees Than Monetary Factors.