Article Details

A Hierarchical View of Differentiation and the Need to Examine Approaches Critically Towards Teaching In Relation to Gender, Subject Stream and Locality |

Ram Avtar, Dr. Surendra Mahto, in Journal of Advances and Scholarly Researches in Allied Education | Multidisciplinary Academic Research


This hierarchical vision of social diversity drawson what Sleeter and Grant (1988) call a "deficiency orientation."Problems exist for those who are "different" from the norm--forlimited English speakers, students of color, and so on. Learners were seen asvarying in the degree to which they differed from the norm. Respondents oftendescribed in apparently sympathetic tones the" victims" ofdifference, their need for self-esteem, and a reaffirmation of their"right" to education.