An Overview of Soil Pollution Control By Using Bacteriae |
Agricultureis the back bone of world economy and in India about60% of the populationdepends on agriculture as their only occupation. In India to maintain selfreliance, the food production should be increased to about 300 million tones.Important factors that affect attaining and maintaining the food production arepopulation, land availability, and the devastation of agricultural products bythe pests, insects and fungus. It isestimated that 35% of the potential production is lost due to pests, insectsand fungus (Cramer, 1967). To achieve increased food production from limited landresources, attention on pest control is very important. Chemical control ofpests, insects, and fungus to prevent losses in agriculture commenced in Indiaaround the year 1948-49. Originally some pesticides, insecticides andfungicides like DDT and other compounds were imported in the formulated forminto the country for mosquito control. Slowly, the country started using thesepesticides, insecticides and fungicides for agricultural practices. The firstplant for the manufacture of technical BHC and its formulation was put up inthe country in 1952, followed by a plant for the manufacture of DDT in 1955.