Impact of Mining on Flora and Fauna of Faridabad District In Haryana |
Mining of minerals, whether major or minor have a directbearing on the hydrological regime of the area. Besides, affecting theavailability of water as a resource, it also affects the quality of waterthrough direct run of going into the surface water bodies andinfiltration/leaching into groundwater. Further, groundwater withdrawal,dewatering of water from mine pit and diversion of surface water may causesurface and sub-surface hydrologic systems to dry up and direct effect on floraand fauna of a particular region. An ideal situation would require thatquarrying should be restricted to unsaturated zone only above the phreaticwater table and should not intersect the groundwater table at any point oftime. However, from the point of view of mineral conservation, it may not bedesirable to impose blanket ban on mining operation below groundwater table.491 number of Air Polluting industries including Stone Crushers operating inthe District Faridabad. All these units have provided desired Air PollutionControl Device. The major source of industrial emission is from burning ofagriculture waste, fossil fuel and pet coke either in the boilers, thermalfluid heaters or industrial furnaces. Further a part of the industrial emissionis being generated from the Stone Crushing activity by 163 Stone Crushersoperating in the District Faridabad and from the other infrastructure developingindustries. The other major source of air emission is from automobiles plyingin the District Faridabad.