A Comparative Analysis on Increasing Knowledge of Parent’S Participation In Secondary Level |
This report analyzes data from the parent and studentcomponents of the National EducationalLongitudinal Study of 1988 to investigate family educational involvementin secondary education. It examines whether parental involvement influences theeducational achievements of high school seniors. By utilizing multipleinvolvement indicators for the eighth and twelfth grades, the study confirmsthe importance of considering the multidimensional nature of parentalinvolvement in students' education. The effects of parental involvement ontwelfth grade achievement depend on the type of family practices considered. General conclusions based on the present findings supportthe existence of positive effects of parental involvement on twelfth gradeacademic achievements. The effects are stronger for course credits andcurricular placement than for test scores. High levels of educationalexpectations, consistent encouragement, and actions that enhance learningopportunities of students are the major ways by which families positivelyinfluence the educational achievements of their teens. Regardless ofsocioeconomic or race/ethnic background, families with high levels ofeducational expectations have the most positive effects on senior achievements.These effects are present when parental expectations are measured in the middlegrades or in high school.