Article Details

Preliminary Health Monitoring of Habitant Within Impact Zone Area of Thermal Power Station |

Pandit K. D., Sampada K. P., Udgire M. S., in Journal of Advances in Science and Technology | Science & Technology


The air pollution from coal-fired power plants is large and varied and contributes to a significant number of negative environmental and health effects. When coal is burned in order to generate the electricity,the combustion releases a combination of toxic chemicals into the environment,and thus affects the health of the local habitat population. Coal combustion releases nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, mercury and dozens of other substances known to be hazardous to human health. Coal combustion contributes to smog through the release of oxides of nitrogen, which react with volatile organic compounds in the presence of sunlight to produce ground level ozone, the primary ingredient in smog formation. The health impacts of air pollution from these coal-fired power plants include numerous health issues and frequent asthma attacks. In the future, the amount of power generated from coal will remain high, at least through 2030, and unless we finds better way to manage these power plants, the environmental effects of growing air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and the cost to human health will all be high. With an objective to carry out assessment of Health damages by combining data on power plant emissions. Total of the 8993 samples from local community were enrolled for the assessment. The present research study was carried out over three years of duration and sample assessment data analysis was distributed in three different phases. Our findings suggest that In case of Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT) , out of 8993 total samples,  almost 506 (5.63%) were diagnosed with mild restrictive abnormality, 245 (5.45% ) were present with moderate restrictive abnormality and 127 (1.41%) severe restrictive abnormality. With respect to the anemia conditions, out of out of 8993 total samples, almost, 943(10.49%) were observed with low hemoglobin levels. Out of 8993 total samples, vision profile of almost 820(9.12%) samples was presented with matured eye cataract. These findings indicative of the increasing health impacts of the emissions induced air pollution.