A Study of Impact of Integrated Biomedical Waste in Patna | Original Article
Our modern medical science has discovered many advanced treatment methods to save our lives. The indiscriminate disposal of untreated biomedical wastes is the cause of spread of infectious diseases. Apart from these, a good amount of biomedical wastes including disposable syringes, saline bottles, IV fluid bottles, etc. are picked up by the rag pickers, and are recycled back to the market without disinfection. Within the domain of municipal solid wastes, bio-medical wastes acquire a special dimension, since it is infected and hazardous. Wastes generated at hospitals and health care facilities are different from general municipal wastes. The municipal wastes by and large may need only one of these systems for collection, transportation and final disposal. Against this the bio-medical wastes may need more systems, since it includes body parts, human and animal tissues, radioactive waste, gauze, cotton, plastics, infected liquid waste, blood and laboratory wastes. This paper provides comprehensive discussion on bio-medical wastes and makes some recommendations for their effective management besides discusses the key strategic actions required for an effective bio-medical waste management plan preparation. The present review article deals with the basic issues as definition, categories, problems relating to biomedical waste and procedure of handling and disposal method of Biomedical Waste Management. It also intends to create awareness amongst the personnel involved in health care unit.