Article Details

Effect of Resistance Training, Endurance Training and Combined Training on Selected Physical Fitness Variables | Original Article

Mallikarjuna M.*, Somappa Badiger, Venkata Chalapathi G., in International Journal of Physical Education & Sports Sciences | Physical Education, Health, Fitness & Sports


The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of resistance training, endurance training and combined training on selected physical fitness variables. Sixty male students aged between 17and 22 years were selected for the study. They were divided into four equal groups, each group consisting of fifteen subjects in which Group I underwent resistance training, group II underwent endurance training, group III underwent combination training, three days per week for twelve weeks and group IV acted as control, which did not participate in any training. The subjects were tested on selected criterion variables such as leg strength, back strength and cardio-respiratory endurance at prior to and immediately after the training period. For testing the leg strength and back strength, the dynamometer was used and to test the cardio-respiratory endurance, the Cooper’s 12 minutes run/walk test was administered. The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to find out the significant difference if any, between the experimental groups and control group on selected criterion variables separately. Since there were four groups involved in the present study, the Scheffé Stest was used as post-hoc test. The selected criterion variables such as leg strength, back strength and cardio-respiratory were improved significantly for all the training groups when compared with the control group and the leg and back strength were improved significantly for combined training group and resistance training group, and in cardio-respiratory endurance, the endurance training group and combined training groups were significantly improved.