An Analysis upon Various Technological and Sustainable Developments in Green Chemistry: Challenges and Opportunities | Original Article
The chemical industry plays a fundamental role in sustaining the world economy and underpinning future technologies and scientific advances in new materials, less toxic products, renewable energy sources, environmental protection, industrial processes with energy efficiency and renewable raw materials. Green Chemistry (GC) or Sustainable Chemistry aims, under greater societal expectations, for a sustainable global future of the planet Earth, for the design of chemical products that eliminate the use of hazardous substances for man and the environment. In this respect Green Chemistry fields initiated in the 1990s are rapidly developing technological innovations providing the most environmentally suitable solutions for a sustainable development of future science and technology. GC offers enhanced chemical process economics, concomitant with a reduced environmental burden. GC can be applied to design environmentally benign synthetic protocols, to produce life-saving medicines, environmentally friendly agrochemicals, new enzymes for biocatalytic chemical processes, innovative renewable energy sources, energy efficiency in chemical reactions, and innovative materials while minimizing environmental impact. Chemistry and its application plays vital role in many industries such as medicine. Green chemistry is tool for innovation which includes business, education and economy to build a sustainable future. Hence, we should now concentrate on innovation in green chemistry to reduce the environmental damage and eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. There are various innovations in green chemistry such as renewable feed stocks, use of catalysts in experiments, proper disposal of waste, design of safer chemicals and auxiliaries, design for degradation and reactions with more efficient syntheses and high efficiency formulation. This conceptual paper addressing innovations in green chemistry and steps need to be taken by various industries to incorporate green chemistry for a sustainable development.