Availability of Drinking Water and Sanitation Facilities in Haryana (2011): A Spatial Analysis | Original Article
Drinking water and sanitation is the basic necessity of a community. It plays a vital role in improving health and quality of life. Adequate water is basic need of our life. Sanitation is the hygienic mean of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazard of wastes. Hazards can be physical, microbiological and chemical agents of diseases. Hygienic means of prevention can be by using engineering solution, simple technologies or even by personal hygiene practices. Without proper hygiene and contaminated water cause diarrhoea, cholera and other human killer diseases. According to the Census of India 2011, 833 million people (69.84%) are still living in the villages and data also shows that still around 70% of India’s rural or slum population are exposed to water-borne and vector -borne diseases due to lack of basic sanitation facility, unsafe water and unhygienic condition. The condition of drinking water and sanitation facilities in Haryana is good comparatively other states. . For study of better condition we take only good household amenities like drinking water within premises, bathroom with roof, closed drainage and flush latrine availability. The analysis further reveals that there are two districts which are more deprived. These are like Mewat(-9.55) and Mahendragarh(-4.84). It does not mean that their drinking water and sanitation facilities have been decreased but they have slow pace of development as compared to the other districts. Gurgram(6.72) district enjoyed the first rank as followed by Panchkula(4.50) and Faridabad(4.24) stand respectively second and third.