Trends and Patterns of Urbanization in Haryana, 2011 | Original Article
The 20th century witnessed a rapid migration of population from rural to urban areas in most of the countries of the world. A merely 13 per cent of the global population lived in urban areas in 1900, which increased to 29 per cent in 1950 and to about 50 per cent by the close of 20th century (United Nation, 2005). The study reveals that the shift of people from rural areas to urban areas mainly reflects the process of Industrialization change and. Rural urban migration is a major factor of urbanization process. Rural urban migration is the predominant factor of urbanization. The study reveals that Eastern parts of Haryana including Panchkula, Ambala, Yamunanagar, Karnal, Panipat are more urbanized due to agricultural development, good transport connectivity, industrial development, higher level of literacy and higher standard of living. On the other hand, southern western part including Mewat, Mahendergarh, Palwal display lower level of urbanization due to high proportion of muslim population, social and economic backwardness, low level of literacy and poor transport facilities etc.