Sustainable Development in Environment with Special Reference of India: Issues & Challenges | Original Article
In this paper, we examine and elaborate sustainable environment development in India. Sustainable development, sustainable community, sustainable industry, sustainable environment. You may have heard these words used in many different ways, but what does "sustainability" really mean and how can you tell if your community is sustainable? ... Sustainable development (SD) is a socio-ecological process characterized by the pursuit of a common ideal. An ideal is by definition unattainable in a given time/space but endlessly approachable and it is this endless pursuit what builds in sustainability in the process (Ibid). While the modern concept of sustainable development is derived most strongly from the 1987 Brundtland Report, it is rooted in earlier ideas about sustainable forest management and twentieth century environmental concerns. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for sustaining finite resources necessary to provide for the needs of future generations of life on the planet. It is a process that envisions a desirable future state for human societies in which living conditions and resource-use continue to meet human needs without undermining the "integrity, stability and beauty" of natural biotic systems. Sustainability is best viewed as a socially instituted process of adaptive change in which innovation is a necessary element. In the current scenario, India has been witnessing a blinding pace of growth and development. There is talk of the country leapfrogging into the league of developed nations sooner than later. But this growth has raised concerns from sundry quarters as regards its basic texture and health. Experts are now calling for “Sustainable Development” and the term has gained currency in the last few years. Inspire of environment& Agriculture Sector, there is fast growth in various sectors. So agriculture remains the backbone of the Indian economy. This paper attempts to tackle and explore the issue of sustainable development in environment in India. The objectives are to compare the sustainable agriculture system with the traditional system and the current system in practice, across the dimensions of ecological, economic and social sustainability. The paper is based on secondary sources of data such as various manuals, reports published by departments of GOI, journals, magazines, newspapers, websites etc.