An Analytical investigation on Improving Safety Performance in Construction Sites | Original Article
Construction industries are known to be hazardous due to complex tasks, change of work location, climatic conditions and temporary organizational management. The consequences of these hazards may involve occupational diseases, injuries and fatality. Injuries and accident rates are high in a construction site when compared with other manufacturing industries. Safety is one of the key factors in construction sites to mitigate the severity of the risk. Assessing the performance of the site concerning safety is an important part of the management system as it provides information on the safety of the worker as well as the task. Hence the aim of this research is to investigate the site safety performance and propose a methodology for enhancement. This is done in basically four parts viz., quantification of risk involved in each task, accounting for unsafe supervision, selection of right worker for the right task and usage of PPEs. Safety performance cannot be measured only with the accidentsinjuries in the site but the factors which influence the unplanned events have to be highlighted while determining the performance rate. The factors include the taskconditions of the site. Risk involved in each task is quantified using Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA) technique. The hazards in the sites are identified through direct observation and previous safety reports and the risk values are determined using likelihood and severity ratings of each hazard.