Population Growth and Education in the Indian Scenario Since Independence | Review Article
The paper explores the intricate relationship between population growth and education in postindependence India. With India gaining independence in 1947, the dynamic interplay between population dynamics and the educational landscape has significantly impacted the nation's socio-economic trajectory. The paper critically examines this relationship by analyzing statistical data, policy documents, and academic literature to shed light on the evolution of population growth and educational initiatives. The post-independence era witnessed ambitious educational reforms driven by the recognition of education's role in socio-economic development. The establishment of the University Grants Commission (UGC) in 1953 aimed to enhance higher education quality and accessibility. Subsequent policies, including the National Policy on Education (1968) and the Right to Education Act (2009), further strengthened India's commitment to education. Education was identified as both a solution and a challenge in the context of population growth. While education, especially female education, has been acknowledged as instrumental in reducing fertility rates, the growing population has strained the education system, necessitating innovative approaches to meet demand. The post-independence era in India has witnessed a complex interplay between population growth and education. The nation's journey reflects achievements and ongoing challenges in managing population growth while nurturing a robust education system. This research paper contributes to the discourse on sustainable development and informed policymaking by providing a comprehensive understanding of the linkages between population growth and education in India.