Article Details

A Study of Physical Education Growth and Development in India | Original Article

Shafqit Hussain Shah*, Neeraj Sharma, in International Journal of Physical Education & Sports Sciences | Physical Education, Health, Fitness & Sports


It is very confined written about the state of physical education in India. In India researcher works find out, that there is no written record is kept by our culture, whatever we are practicing today is received from our ancestors as our cultural heritage based on tradition and customs. The main objective of this study was to evaluate and peruse the growth and development of physical in India from primeval time to un-till now. There are different activities which are not latest this time but, these were practiced in past days also. The activity like, Yoga, Karate are newly originated but these activities have proven their exact origins in past days also. In India practice of different types of physical activities is not new but these activities cannot prove any type of evidence of such activities that can prove the exact data of their origin and name of originators of these activities in India. As we find the well-established institutions where knowledge of various physical activities is provided with practical as well as theoretical. In ancient India religious places were used for the purpose of sports development. Physical educations in India are discussed under various specific historic periods. Such as Indus valley civilization 3250-2500 BC in this period Majodara, dancing was favorite particularly people took recreation from bronze dancing girl from Majodara National Museum in Delhi. Most of the people recreate themselves by doing these physical activities swimming dancing, mar balls ball and dice were used for game. Vedic period, 2500 BC to 600 BC origin of Suryanamaskar practice Pranayama, Hand wrestling, ball games was popular in this period. Exercise of yoga was advocate for the psychic development. During Ramayana physical and recreational activities mostly performed by people of that particular area. The Hindu epic Ramayana and Mahabharata comprehensively developed the social, religious and political state of the contemporary society. In this physical activity for health fitness and sports to keep ready for war was an essential ingredient Gurukula education. Archery horse riding, sword fighting, mace fighting, hunting etc was popular and important sports of royalty and the army. The Gurukula education was an all round education characterized by athletic intellectual and spiritual curricula. Nalanda and Taksila progress in this period. Nalanda university conduct these physical activities like, swimming breathing exercise and yoga considered an important part of the daily life. In this period physical education was greatly rules by Gupta rulers, their great rules participates many physical activity and rules. Most of the role for the development of physical education played YMCAs of India through the initiative of David MC Conaughy. In 1890, David MC Conaughy a young American from the International committee of American YMCSs arrived in Madras and found the very first YMCA there. YMCA college of Physical education was first Physical Education College of developed in 1920 by Harry Crow Buck. This college is a part of Tamil Nadu Physical education and Sports University. After the establishment of YMCA at Madras we can say that physical education gets its popularity in a specific field. YMCA Madras plays a vital role for growth and development of physical education in India. Now the importance of physical education understands and try to takes part in physical co curricular activity. Physical education and sports is most important gauge and also fundamental section of the education for any country consequently every country should try to make a framework to take action for promotional development of physical education and sports inconsistency, sports is an essential part of every human day to day life for physically fitness. It is concluded that curriculum content is permutated and the curriculum activity of physical education programme helps in the development needs of the professionalism in the country, the programme objectives are particularly helps to develop s institutional goals.