The Survey Study on Maintaining of Data Privacy and Security Through Cyber Law |
Computercrime issues have become high-profile, particularly those surrounding hacking, copyright infringement through warez, childpornography, and child grooming. There are also problems of privacy when confidentialinformation is lost or intercepted, lawfully or otherwise. Jurisdiction is anaspect of state sovereignty and it refers to judicial, legislative andadministrative competence. Although jurisdiction is an aspect of sovereignty,it is not coextensive with it. The laws of a nation may have extraterritorialimpact extending the jurisdiction beyond the sovereign and territorial limitsof that nation. This is particularly problematic as the medium of the Internetdoes not explicitly recognize sovereignty and territorial limitations. There isno uniform, international jurisdictional law of universal application, and suchquestions are generally a matter of conflictof laws, particularly private international law. An example would be wherethe contents of a web site are legal in one country and illegal in another. Inthe absence of a uniform jurisdictional code, legal practitioners are generallyleft with a conflict of law issue.