Application of Intelligent Building Concept for Achieving Optimum Energy Efficiency in Residential Building | Original Article
An Autonomous Building is a building designed to be operated independently from infrastructural support services such as the electric power grid, gas grid, municipal water systems, sewage treatment systems, storm drains, communication services, and in some cases, public roads. Advocates of autonomous building describe advantages that include reduced environmental impacts, increased security, and lower costs of ownership. Some cited advantages satisfy tenets of green building, not independence per se (see below). Off-grid buildings often rely very little on civil services and are therefore safer and more comfortable during civil disaster or military attacks. (Off-grid buildings would not lose power or water if public supplies were compromised for some reason.) Most of the research and published articles concerning autonomous building focus on residential homes. Nation is climbing a ladder of growth day by day with various parameters, construction is one of them. Due to tremendous increase in population and urbanization, there are a lot of problems like Global warming, rise in population, shortage of resources, pollution of water and air and products of globalization. On other side of coin, all above have given new vision of self-sufficient energy efficient residential buildings in urban areas. Eco-Urbanism, Green Architecture and Eco-friendly construction are the important subjects connected with sustainable development. Hence it is need of an hour to proceed with the steps to stop the detoriation of the environment. This study highlights the study of current scenario of self-sufficient, energy efficient residential buildings in urban areas which is the only way to achieve self-sufficiency, energy efficiency, indoor air quality, reduction in waste and efficient use of water. It also involves the different implementation of sustainable practices during pre-construction and construction stages on post-construction activities with available sources.