Role of the First and the Last Mile Connectivity in Ease of Urban Commutation and its contribution to the Quality of Everyday Urban Life | Original Article
Urban mobility is the lifeline for functioning of a city that provides connectivity between home, workplace, educational institutes and all other places of day-to-day needs. While commutability plays a pivotal role in overall transportation planning of a city, increased affordability has seen a corresponding shift to private mode of transportation in most of the cities, specifically developing countries. Due to this there has been an increase in volume of private vehicles which resulted in overwhelming of existing transport network capacities. Capacity of existing infrastructure is not able to sustain increased usage of private transport causing congestion and chaos undermining the very functioning of the city and as well affecting not only human health but overall environmental quality. This has led to the need to identify and explore more efficient and sustainable modes of public transport options such as multimode transport system like metro rail, bus rapid transport etc. However, to enhance overall commuting experience of metro rail, we need to enhance the options of first and last mile connectivity. Metro greatly enhances urban livability with unhindered commutes and also has benefits of environment friendly mode of transportation. First and last mile connectivity (FLMC) at the origin and destination of the metro completes the commute comprehensively and contributes to users‟ quality of life in general. Options of ropeway and tramway seems to be viable options to address the complexities of First and last mile connectivity (FLMC),land-use, street network, topography, interactions of physical infrastructure at the metro stations and its surroundings.