Article Details

Vulnerability Assessment: effective tool for landslide disaster management in Western Ghat of Maharashtra | Original Article

Ar. Shobhan S. Kelkar*, Ar. Akshay A. Wayal, Ar. Ajinkya P. Niphadkar, in Journal of Advances and Scholarly Researches in Allied Education | Multidisciplinary Academic Research


India has a sensational record of catastrophes. Largest parts of India, especially the Himalayas, the North eastern hill ranges, the Western Ghats, the Eastern Ghats , the Nilgiris, and the Vindhyas, affect due to landslides, as one of the major hydro-geological hazards. Prone to frequent floods and extreme meteorological conditions, Western Ghat is prone to landslide with its steep slope and thick soil cover. Unlike other catastrophes such as droughts and floods, landslides may appear to be small, but the slips along the valleys can be more incurable and may take years to recover for the people from the region. The livelihood of thousands of people get devastated along with irreversible environmental damages due to rapid erosion of natural resources of degradation of soil along the valleys. There is a requirement to propose the structures in the frames of environmental sustainability, economic feasibility and social acceptability. It is imperative that slopes vulnerable to failure should be identified prior. In accordance with the slope stability conditions of hilly region, development activities may be planned. To access the vulnerability in terms of physical, social and economical aspects, the landslide hazard zonation map can be used so as to adopt suitable preventive measures. For this with reference to the expected degree of loss due to landslide , landslide risk should be identified. The risk is determined by the product of the landslide hazard and the vulnerability. For a landslide risk assessment, data regarding the Landslide hazard and vulnerability are important. This is useful for planning appropriate defining strategic goals of Societal improvement its environmental surroundings by helping the policy makers in making the implementation policies.